Stanton Bridge Primary School

RWI Phonics

What is Read Write Inc?

Read Write Inc (RWInc) is a phonics literacy programme, which helps children learn to read fluently and at speed so they can focus on developing their skills in comprehension, vocabulary and spelling.  

Reading opens the door to learning. Our approach, beginning right from the Early Years, will give children the skills and confidence to engage fully in our wider curriculum. Children are then supported throughout the Read Write Inc programme to become confident and fluent readers. After completing the programme children are supported fully in accessing our wide and varied reading curriculum, building both lifelong skills and giving them a solid basis to develop their comprehension skills.

How is RWInc taught?

Children are first introduced to the letter sounds during RWI sessions in Nursery, where children begin to learn their pure sounds. The formal teaching of Read Write Inc begins right at the start of Reception. Initially all children are taught Set 1 sounds until after October half term. At this point children are assessed using a one to one engaging assessment to find a smaller group, reflecting their own personal abilities. Children in Reception can consolidate their knowledge using carefully planned and engaging activities that they can access independently throughout the day.

When children enter Year 1, Read Write Inc is taught daily to pupils, from 11.30am – 12pm. Due to all our staff being highly trained in all Read, Write, Inc strategies, we are able to deliver our sessions in small groups. Meaning that all children are taught based on their abilities and individual areas of development are addressed daily. Assessment continues half termly, with all children being assessed on a one to one basis. With our pupils moving quickly through our programme, most children move onto Guided Comprehension in the middle of Year 2.

Read Write Inc continues to build on Stanton Bridge’s philosophy that no child falls behind, because of this child who are identified as needed further support are given one to one intervention with wobblily wallets. 

What does RWINC cover?


The children:

  • learn 44 sounds and the corresponding letters/letter groups using simple picture prompts – see below.
  • learn to read words using Fred talk and sound blending.
  • read from a range of books matched to their phonic group.
  • develop comprehension skills in stories by answering 'Find It' and 'Prove It' questions


The children:

  • learn to write and form the letters/letter groups which represent the 44 sounds with the help of fun phrases (‘oo’ poo at the zoo)
  • learn to write words by using Fred Talk
  • learn to build sentences by practising sentences out loud before they write 


The children

  • They work in pairs so that they:
  • answer every question
  • practise every activity with their partner
  • take turns in talking and reading to each other
  • develop ambitious vocabulary
Children will be taught how to read as follows:
Before you start to practice the sounds with your child, practise saying the sounds below.
Please do not use letter names at this early stage.

                                                        to hear how to pronounce sounds correctly click the link above. 


Step 1:

Set 1 Sounds are taught in the following order together with rhymes to help children form the letters correctly and instantly recognise sounds ready for blending.

Set 1 sounds

Children will also use pictures for each sound to help recognise the sound and then form the shape of the sound.

Step 2:

The children are then taught Set 2 Sounds - the long vowels. When they are very confident with all of set 1 and 2 they are taught Set 3 Sounds.

Set 2 sounds


Step 3:

Children will be introduced to ‘Ditty books’ when they successfully begin to read single words. The short vowels should be kept short and sharp:

Children use sound-blending (Fred Talk) to read short ditties.

Within all the books children will have red and green words to learn to help them to become speedy readers. Red words are words that are not easily decodable and challenge words to extend children’s vocabulary. Green words are linked to the sounds they have been learning and are easily decodable.

Children will use ‘Fred fingers’ to first sound out a word before they write it down.  Children learn how to spell rather than just get tested. Furthermore, this way of teaching spellings allows children to use Fred fingers whenever they get stuck with spelling a word. Children pinch each sound on fingers before writing the word.

To help at home:

Children will be sent home with the Read Write Inc nonsense words 1.6- 3 depending on their level. Please support your child by working with them to practise these at home, as well as this they may point out sounds in their home reading books. If you would like to find out more about supporting your child please visit here alternatively you can contact Mrs Griffins 

Useful websites for Parents

Please find a list of websites that you may find useful in helping you and your child  learn about phonics. Games and fun activity websites are also included. - fun games for the children to play  - fun games for the children to play